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Oxygen toxicity is one potential side effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). Previous small studies showed mild reductions in pulmonary functions reflecting reductions in small airway conductance after repetitive hyperbaric oxygen sessions. 
Prospective analysis included patients, 18 years or older, scheduled for 60 daily HBOT sessions between 2016 and 2018. Each session was 90 min of 100% oxygen at 2 ATA with 5 min air breaks every 20 min, 5 days per week. Pulmonary functions, measured at baseline and after HBOT, included forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEF).


The mean age was 60.36 ± 15.43 and 62.5% (55/88) were males. Most of the patients (83/88, 94.3%) did not have any pulmonary disease prior to inclusion and 30.7% (27/88) had a history of smoking.
Compared to baseline values, at the completion of 60 HBOT sessions, there were no significant changes in FEV1 (0.163), FEV1/FVC ratio (0.953) and FEF25–75% (0.423). There was a statistically significant increase though not clinically relevant increase in FVC (0.1 ± 0.38 l) and PEF (0.5 ± 1.4 l) with a 0.014 and 0.001 respectively.


Regarding pulmonary functions, repeated hyperbaric oxygen exposure based on the currently used HBOT protocol is safe. Surprisingly, there was a modest non clinically significant though statistically significant improvement in PEF and FVC in the current cohort of patients who were without chronic lung diseases.


Our Address

Oxygen Therapy
104 Culley Court
Peterborough, PE2 6WA

Tel: 0795 468 5031 

Opening Hours

Monday - Friday       07:00 – 20:00

Saturday - Sunday    08:00 – 20:00


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